Replacing Spark Plugs yourself, do it yourself

Replacing Spark Plugs yourself, do it yourself

Lots of things have changed in recent decades when you talk about the “tune-up.” Back when the phrase was coined, you had to get under the hood with screwdrivers and do things like adjust ignition points, replace condensors, set engine timing and change your spark plugs. Wait, we can still change the spark plugs!

It’s one of the last surviving elements of the classic tune-up. Most cars still have a spark plug or 8 in there someplace, and even today’s technology hasn’t stopped them from wearing out. It’s an easy maintenance procedure that can make your car run more smoothly and increase your gas mileage.
What is a spark plug? Basically it’s a high voltage bridge for electricity. When the electricity crosses the “bridge” (which is actually a gap between two contact points) inside your engine, the spark it makes ignites the gas vapors, which makes the engine go putt putt. How long they can do this without being replaced depends on lots of things. The condition of your engine, the purity of the fuel you’re using, even your driving habits can affect the life of the plugs.

 

You’ll need the following tools to get the job done:
ratchet wrench 1/2″
12-inch socket extension
spark plug socket for your car
Like I said, it’s not too complex, but don’t forget tofollow the directions in order!

 

 

Locate the spark plugs. If you follow those thick, rubbery wires under the hood, you’ll find the spark plugs (one at the end of each wire.) If you have a 4-cylinder engine, your four spark plugs will be at the top of the engine in a row in front of you. If you have a V8, you’ll have to reach down on both sides of the engine to get them out, four on the left and four on the right. If you have a 6-cylinder engine, they could go either way, but if you follow the wires you will find them. Certain cars like, Dodge viper, Voltzwagon jetta, VW bug, Subaru Impreza and Mid/ rear engine cars ( toyota Mr2 , Pointiac Fiero V6 ) may be tricky to get to the plugs.

STOP!You’re about to reach for those spark plug wires and pull them all out at once, aren’t you? Don’t do it! Your spark plugs fire in a specific order, and it’s a heck of a lot easier to replace them one at a time without getting them mixed up.
Starting at the end of the row, pull the wire off the end of the spark plug by grasping it as close to the engine as possible then pulling. You might have to give it a little wiggle to get it off. If you have a 4-cylinder engine with the plug wires going into the top, your plugs might be at the bottom of a hole (if you have a dual over head cam top end configuration). If this is the case, just pull straight up and you’ll pull a long rubber boot out of the hole.

Now that you have one plug wire off, put your spark plug socket and the extension on your ratchet. If you look inside the spark plug socket, you should see some black foam or rubber on the inside end. This is important, because it holds onto the spark plug while you maneuver it in and out of the engine.
optional but knifty
If for some reason your socket doesn’t have the gripper in there, you can improvise. Cut off a half inch or less of electrical or masking tape and stick it onto the inside of the clean socket. This will make the socket grip a little more tightly on the spark plug so you can hold onto it.
With your ratchet wrench set to loosen (that’s counter-clockwise) slide it over the end of the plug, being sure to push it on as far as it will go. Now remove the old plug. I recomend spending the 5 buck for an actual Spark Plug Socket with the rubber grip on the inside.
While you have your old plug in your hand, take a look at it. It should be a little dirty on the end, a little black with a little soot, the key phrase being “a little.” If it’s white or oily, this could indicate other problems so make a note of how they’re looking. Also check to see if the porcelain insulator is cracked.
Finally, take a look at how the end you pulled the plug wire off is set up. Some will just be threaded like a screw, and others will have a large metal cap on the end. Be sure your new plugs are set up like the old ones were.

With the wire end of your plug set up like the old one, you’re ready to put it in the car.
But don’t I have to set the gap with one of those fun tools?
These days you order plugs specifically for your car, and they come already gapped. I know some die-hards out there will strongly disagree (here come the e-mails) but I have never opened a new spark plug and had to reset the gap, never!
Put the plug-wire end of the plug in the socket and, holding just the extension, push it all the way in. Now carefully guide the spark plug into the hole. Try not to ram it in or bang it on anything because this can screw up the gap or damage the plug. With it sitting in the hole, begin to screw the new plug in by hand. Starting them off by hand instead of using the wrench will keep you from accidentally cross-threading one of the plugs. Screw it in by hand until it stops, then put the wrench on the end and tighten it snugly. If you have a torque wrench, you can torque it to spec, but if you don’t, just make it tight without overdoing it. The metal in there is soft and can be damaged by overtightening. If you are pulling hard enough to make a sound come out of your mouth, like a grunt, you’re overdoing it.

Repeat all the steps one plug at a time until you’ve done ’em all. Now start her up and listen to the purr!
*If you decided not to listen and pulled all the wires off at once, you might have mixed up the plug wires. You’ll know if you did because it either won’t start, will run really rough, or if you’re very unlucky you’ll hear a deafening backfire. Now you have to go and look up your engine’s firing order, correspond that to the points on the distributor cap after you set the engine to Top Dead Center and put them all back on. Doesn’t it sound easier to replace them one at a time?

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